Module 14 – Inside Out and Back Again

ImageI read Inside Out and Back Again by Thanhha Lai which was highly recommended by my school librarian. This book tells the story of Ha, a young girl living in South Vietnam who, due to the war, had to fell with her family to America. I have never read poetry like this. The book is comprised of poems, listed in chronological order. These poems tell a story of her life. Her mother has to raise four children alone while her soldier husband is away, the political unrest worsens and she and her family are forced to flee to America, where they are taken in by a kind cowboy and his reluctant wife and adjust to life in America. Throughout the poems is the author’s honest impressions, her hopes and her fears. With each poem, we understand the unfolding of the story more. Her difficult childhood, glamourous mother, the political unrest, the difficult choices one makes while making a new life for oneself. What is so unusual, is that each one of these poems, representing a day in Ha’s life, is good enough to stand alone. Certainly there are many good books which tell similar stories of exile, but that the author has written over one hundred poems that weave together to tell such an important and story makes the work absolutely remarkable.

I felt so thankful for everyday things like food and shelter after reading this book. It made me think about how many people I see and interact with each day who are immigrants, and the compelling stories that they might have. I would use this book in a middle school reading group, or on a display table of poetry for middle schoolers.


Thanhha Lai Inside Out & Back Again (2011) New York, Harper Collins.

Review One

Saigon, 1975. Ha is ten, the youngest (and only daughter) in her family. While the war has touched her life — her parents fled North Vietnam years ago; her father has been missing for years — Ha is a happy, loved child, with three older brothers who tease her and a mother who works two jobs.

A family friend helps Ha’s family get a blanket-sized space on one of the Navy ships full of refugees; eventually, the family winds up in Alabama. One year later, it is a different life — new language, new foods, new friends — but it is, once again, Tet, the new year, celebrated with her brothers and mother.

Inside Out & Back Again is a novel in verse. I usually think of novels in verse as books with less details, because, well, there are less words; and I look at them as books where the emotions that need to be conveyed are best told in verse. What surprised and impressed me for Inside Out & Back Again was just how much about Ha’s life in Vietnam, at sea, and in Alabama are given: the lotus seeds and rice cakes to celebrate Tet, a brother who dreams of being Bruce Lee, a family of five living on one mat, the frustrations with learning English.

Ha is only ten; a wonderful age. She embraces life and gets frustrated and moves forward. But, because she is ten, and because this is a children’s book, there are things she doesn’t know so she cannot share them with the reader, and the intended reader neither knows or cares about the type of minutiae that an adult reader may expect from such a tale of flight and immigration.

How did the family of five get sponsorship in the United States? Ha shares a few disconnected details that the reader can connect: the engineering student brother accepts a job as a mechanic, the mother says the family is Christian, and suddenly all are in Alabama. Some uncomfortable time at the sponsor’s home (“The wife insists/we keep out of/ her neighbors’ eyes“) and then the family is in its own home (two bedrooms, with help from their sponsor), and mother gets a job in a factory.

Ha relates all this, with just enough details to know that things aren’t easy or simple but with the matter of factness of a child. A book not using verse would have demanded more (how did they get the house, the job, the paperwork, etc.) and what is perfect about Inside Out & Back Again is that more is not needed to convey the story of this year in the life of Ha.

I adored each member of Ha’s family, but the mother — wow. The mother. Knowing that they will have to leave Saigon, she makes arrangements including sewing bags to use for travel. They know no one in America, but believe the family has more opportunities there. When the mother finds out that sponsors prefer Christians, she puts that on their application: “Just like that/ Mother amends our faith,/ saying all beliefs/ are pretty much the same.” Once in Alabama, the family even goes through baptism but when Tet comes around, they keep to their own beliefs. This is a woman who will do what is needed for her children, no matter what. Part of that is the dreams and work ethic she instills in them: the eldest boy is no longer in college, true, but plans to go to night school for his studies. The second son is old enough to work, but she insists he go to school.

Ha and her family meet both prejudice and kindness in Alabama. A nice, subtle aspect ofInside Out & Back Again is Ha’s own preconceptions about things: their sponsor wears a cowboy hat and cowboy boots, so Ha calls him “the cowboy” and believes he must own a horse.

The time frame is one year: it begins with Tet, and ends with Tet, and in that one year Ha brings her journey full circle. The family is together, they celebrate Tet, they look forward to a future. The reader has experienced, with Ha, what it means to leave home and start new, with nothing but two changes of clothing.

School Library Journal (2011). Review: Inside Out and Back Again. Retrieved from

Review Two

After her father has been missing in action for nine years during the Vietnam War, 10-year-old Hà flees with her mother and three older brothers. Traveling first by boat, the family reaches a tent city in Guam, moves on to Florida, and is finally connected with sponsors in Alabama, where Hà finds refuge but also cruel rejection, especially from mean classmates. Based on Lai’s personal experience, this first novel captures a child-refugee’s struggle with rare honesty. Written in accessible, short free-verse poems, Hà’s immediate narrative describes her mistakes—both humorous and heartbreaking—with grammar, customs, and dress (she wears a flannel nightgown to school, for example); and readers will be moved by Hà’s sorrow as they recognize the anguish of being the outcast who spends lunchtime hiding in the bathroom. Eventually, Hà does get back at the sneering kids who bully her at school, and she finds help adjusting to her new life from a kind teacher who lost a son in Vietnam. The elemental details of Hà’s struggle dramatize a foreigner’s experience of alienation. And even as she begins to shape a new life, there is no easy comfort: her father is still gone. Grades 4-8. –Hazel Rochman

Rochman, H. Booklist Review: Inside Out and Back Again. Retrieved from


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s